The Holy Quran was revealed in Arabic language, Allah (swt) says:
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لَّعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ
(Indeed, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an that you might understand.) (Yusuf: 2)
Upon contemplating this Qur’anic text, we find that the Qur’an here addresses all humanity, not just the Arabs. Arabism is not a racist case, as the Children of Israel say: They are Allah’s chosen people. Because it is the vessel for the words of Allah (swt). Indeed, the Arabic language has a religious significance as being the language of the Holy Qur’an, hence it is sacred as this Book. Here Allah (swt) says:
(… وَالسَّارِقُ وَالسَّارِقَةُ فَاقْطَعُوا أَيْدِيَهُمَا ) (As for] the thief, the male and the female, amputate their hands …): The male thief is mentioned before the female one because most of the thieves are males. Whereas when Allah (swt) talks about adultery, He mentions the female before the male because this act begins with seduction from the woman:
الزَّانِيَةُ وَالزَّانِي فَاجْلِدُوا كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مِّنْهُمَا مِائَةَ جَلْدَةٍ
(The [unmarried] woman or [unmarried] man found guilty of sexual intercourse – lash each one of them with a hundred lashes,) (An-Noor: 2)
The retribution for theft had to be sever; Because the thief steals the efforts and works of others, and we must not separate between crime and its punishment, nor obedience and its reward, because Who prevented you from stealing has prevented others from stealing you, and it is a protection for society.
( وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ… ) (…And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise): Al-Asma’i said: “I once read this verse of Surah an-Nour and beside me was a Bedouin, so I said: “And Allah is Forgiving, Most Merciful.” By mistake, then the Bedouin said: Whose speech is this? I said: The words of Allah (swt). He said: This is not the words of Allah (swt), repeat what you said, so I repeated and correct myself and said: “And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.” He said: Yes, now this is Allah’s words. I asked him: Do you read the Qur’an? He said: No, I said: How did you know that I made a mistake? He said: If He (swt) had forgiven and had mercy, he would not have cut off.