(… بِمِيثَاقِهِمْ …) (…their covenant …): Their promises to Allah (swt) to do, Allah (swt) had raised the mountain over them until it was about to fall on them and took their covenant to take what He (swt) has fiven took with determination and:
(… ادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا …) (…“Enter the gate bowing humbly”…) and:
(… لَا تَعْدُوا فِي السَّبْتِ …) (…“Do not transgress on the sabbath”…): The Arabic word of (sabbath) refers to the day of (Saturday) and in Arabic it is derived from the word (Subat), meaning (taking rest). However, their story of fishing on the day of Sabbath is well known. They thought they can deceive Allah (swt) by their doings.
It is worth noting that some verses and some events related to the Jews, Allah (swt) mentions them briefly to relieve the heart of the Prophet (saws) of what he suffers from them such as their violation of covenants and their conspiracy with the polytheists of Quraish and the polytheists of the Arabs at that time. These verses come in other verses in detail.