الآية رقم (85) - مَّن يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً حَسَنَةً يَكُن لَّهُ نَصِيبٌ مِّنْهَا وَمَن يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً سَيِّئَةً يَكُن لَّهُ كِفْلٌ مِّنْهَا وَكَانَ اللّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّقِيتًا

(85) - {Whoever intercedes for a good cause will have a reward therefrom; and whoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a burden therefrom. And ever is Allah, over all things, a Keeper.}

This is a call to do good for others. This is Islam, the religion of spreading good in society, on the contrary of what some people think because of what they see of some practices throughout history that do not express the truth of religion or the truth of the concept of Islamic thought that derives from the basic source of Islam, which is the Book of Allah (swt) and the true Sunnah of the Messenger (saws). The Prophet (saws) said:

“The most beloved people to Allah are those who are most beneficial to people”[1]

After this hadith, does anyone have the right to talk about a fanatic thought or a thought that presents extremism, terrorism, Takfir, killing and confiscation of opinions in favor of religious thought?

Definitely, the misunderstanding in addition to some wrong practices along the time caused this to happen, it is not because of the facts in the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (saws). This Hadith emphasizes this verse of the study; Whoever intercedes for a good cause will have a reward therefrom, the reward indicates the great good., whereas who intercedes for an evil cause will have a burden therefrom, that is because the good deed equals ten times the like thereof, while the evil deed equals just the like thereof. This is the difference between the two words in Arabic: “reward” which is a great portion and the “burden” which is a small portion.

( وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّقِيتًا ) (…And ever was Allah, over all things, a Keeper): The Arabic word of (a keeper) means the one who gives sustenance, and the scholars said it means the watcher and keeper. So Allah (swt) watches, accounts and keeps, hence, this word carries all these meanings.

(was) refers to the past, so do we say that Allah (swt) was in the past over everything a Keeper? What about now and the future? Here we have to mention an important point, that is, time is for humans only and does not apply to the Lord of humans, because humans live in a world of changes, so their conditions change according to time. for a man is young and then becomes old, today he is strong and tomorrow is weak, today he is healthy and tomorrow sick, today he is alive and tomorrow he is dead. These changes do not apply to Allah (swt), for He is powerful, alive, great, and.. in the past, present and future. Hence, when we read in the Qur’an the word (was), our thinking should not go to the past. This is for the human world only. As for Allah (swt), He is the Creator of time and space. He is not subject to change and, but rather He is The Perfect.

[1] Shu’ab al-Iman> Chapter of obeying the ones of authority, Hadith No. 7445.