الآية رقم (4) - الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُم مِّن جُوعٍ وَآمَنَهُم مِّنْ خَوْفٍ

(4) - (Who has fed them, [saving them] from hunger and made them safe, [saving them] from fear. (4)

This verse refers to the necessities of life: Food and security. Food is necessary for staying alive and security is not less importance that it, for the human being is always afraid of losing the blessings or facing a calamity, thus, the greatest gift of Allah (swt) on human beings is that He (swt) had guaranteed to save them from hunger and safe them from fear. The Prophet (saws) said:

“Whosoever begins the day feeling family security and good health; and possessing provision for his day is as though he possessed the whole world.”[1]

 

[1] Sunan At-Tirmidhi, The Book of Miscellany, hadith No. 2346.

الآية رقم (3) - فَلْيَعْبُدُوا رَبَّ هَذَا الْبَيْتِ

(3) - (Let them worship the Lord of this House, (3)

It has a reference that the destruction of Abraha and his army was for saving Allah’s (swt) House, then for Quraish accustomed security in the two journeys in summer and in winter, so that, they were able to provide sustenance, with no hunger, and safety, with no fear.

Because they are indebted to the Lord of this House and the House, so that they had to repay the favour by worshiping of the Lord of this House, whose favour was the reason of their safety and happiness.

فَلْيَعْبُدُوا (Let them worship): The act of worshipping has many ways and each one has its reference. Allah (swt) says:

   ﴾وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ ﴿

 (And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.) (Adh-Dhariyat: 56)

Worship exists in all aspects of life; A worker in the factory, if he works faithfully, then he is in worship, a farmer in the field, if he works skillfully, then he is in worship, the clerk in his job, if he works sincerely, then he is in worship…. This is because worshipping is not limited to fast, pray, pilgrimage and giving alms, these are the pillars of Islam, the Prophet (saws) said:

“Islam is built on five (pillars): Testimony that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, establishing Salah, giving Zakah, Hajj, and fasting Ramadan.”[1]

While Islam is all what Allah (swt) commanded and forbid, the worship is every good deed that benefits the human being, his community, his country and all the humanity in general. This is the worship that Allah (swt) wants from us by saying (Let them worship).

[1] Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book of faith, Hadith No. 8.

الآية رقم (2) - إِيلَافِهِمْ رِحْلَةَ الشِّتَاء وَالصَّيْفِ

(2) - (Their accustomed security [in] the caravan of winter and summer - (2)

Because they accustomed security in their journeys; to Yemen in winter and to Al-Sham in summer, every year for trading. These trips were their support in living in Mekkah and looking after the House (Ka’bah) which was represented their pride and glory.

If Allah (swt) was to leave Abraha to destroy the House, Quraish would have fallen, as such because the high rank of Quraish among the tribes and nations was because of the Holy House that Allah (swt) had protected, since the tribes have used to gather at. Hence, the relation between the two Surahs is clear; Allah (swt) made the elephant companions like eaten straw for the accustomed security of Quraish.

الآية رقم (1) - لِإِيلَافِ قُرَيْشٍ

(1) - (For the accustomed security of the Quraysh - (1)

Allah (swt) destroyed Abraha and his army for the accustomed security of Quraish, to keep Quraish’s position among the Arabs because the Prophet (saws) belongs to it.

تفسير سورة قريش

Surah Quraish

The relation between Surah Al-Feel and Surah Quraish is obvious. Allah (swt) destroyed the companion of the elephant to give Quraish safety against fear so that they practice the caravan of winter to Al-Sham and that of summer to Yemen. On the other hand, it is necessary not for a Surah to be revealed immediately after the other one connected with it, but it may be revealed after a time but it had a certain arrangement in the Holy Qur’an. As known, the arrangement of the Surahs in the Holy Qur’an is according to that in the Preserved Tablet.

As for the reasons of the Surahs and verses revelation, this depends on the events. Later, Jibril (puh) arranged them for the Prophet (saws) as in the Preserved Tablet.