الآية رقم (46) - كَأَنَّهُمْ يَوْمَ يَرَوْنَهَا لَمْ يَلْبَثُوا إِلَّا عَشِيَّةً أَوْ ضُحَاهَا
(46) - (It will be, on the Day they see it, as though they had not remained [in the world] except for an afternoon or a morning thereof. (46))
This is to reflect the shortness of the worldly life. Allah (swt) says:
﴾قَالَ كَمْ لَبِثْتُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ عَدَدَ سِنِين % قَالُوا لَبِثْنَا يَوْمًا أَوْ بَعْضَ يَوْمٍ فَاسْأَل الْعَادِّين﴿
(He (Allah) will say: “What number of years did you stay on earth?” % They will say: “We stayed a day or part of a day. Ask of those who keep account.”) (Al-Mu’minun: 112-113)
Let us end this Surah by this example: If you ask any person whose age has reached sixty, seventy or eighty: How have these sixty years of your age been? He will say: It feels as if they were only a short moment! An afternoon or a morning.
الآية رقم (45) - إِنَّمَا أَنتَ مُنذِرُ مَن يَخْشَاهَا
(45) - (You are only a warner for those who fear it. (45))
The task of the Prophet (saws) is to warn those who fear it.
As such, do not think of the Hour, but rather work to prepare for it.
Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that a person asked the Prophet (saws) about the Last Hour? Thereupon the Prophet said:
(What preparation have you made for the Last Hour? He said: Nothing, except that I love Allah and His Messenger. Thereupon the Prophet said: You would be along with the one whom you love.)
The Prophet (saws) did not tell him about its timing, because Allah (swt) said to him: (In what [position] are you that you should mention it? (43)), so, the Prophet answer was about the preparation that person has done for it.
 Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book of virtues of the companions, hadith No. 3485.
الآية رقم (44) - إِلَى رَبِّكَ مُنتَهَاهَا
(44) - (To your Lord is its finality. (44))
The finality of its knowledge belongs to your God. So, if you are asked, O Muhammad about it, forward the matter to Allah (swt) as it only belongs to Him. Allah (swt) says:
﴾قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي ۖ لَا يُجَلِّيهَا لِوَقْتِهَا إِلَّا هُوَ ﴿
(Say, “Its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him) (Al-A’raf: 187))
الآية رقم (43) - فِيمَ أَنتَ مِن ذِكْرَاهَا
(43) - (In what [position] are you that you should mention it? (43))
The knowledge of the Hour belongs only to Allah (swt). Therefore, even the Messenger Muhammad (saws) does not have any knowledge at all about it.
الآية رقم (42) - يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ أَيَّانَ مُرْسَاهَا
(42) - (They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the Hour: when is its arrival? (42))
Questions relate to the Hour are found a lot in the Holy Qur’an: For example:
﴾ يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ أَيَّانَ مُرْسَاهَا ۖ قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي ۖ لَا يُجَلِّيهَا لِوَقْتِهَا إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ ثَقُلَتْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ لَا تَأْتِيكُمْ إِلَّا بَغْتَةً ۗ يَسْأَلُونَكَ كَأَنَّكَ حَفِيٌّ عَنْهَا ۖ قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِندَ اللَّهِ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿
(They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the Hour: when is its arrival? Say, “Its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him. It lays heavily upon the heavens and the earth. It will not come upon you except unexpectedly.” They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, “Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know.”) (Al-A’raf: 187)
يسألونك (They ask you): The verb is in the present tense. That is this question is repeated and on-going.
مرساها (its arrival): The time when it will happen.
الآية رقم (41) - فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَى
(41) - (Then indeed, Paradise will be [his] refuge. (41))
المأوى(refuge): The result and consequence.
While in this ambience of speaking of The Final Day, Allah (swt) says:
الآية رقم (40) - وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَى
(40) - (But as for he who feared the position of his Lord and prevented the soul from [unlawful] inclination, (40))
It does not suffice to say I am a believer, nor does it suffice for me to say that I fear Allah (swt). The proof of the fearing of the position of Allah (swt) requires a proof and its proof is (Preventing the soul from its (unlawful) desires).
Therefore, if you do not prevent yourself from following its unlawful desires, you actually do not possess fear of Allah (swt). This is because, the self is naturally inclined to follow its desires and the Hellfire is surrounded by all that is desired.
الآية رقم (39) - فَإِنَّ الْجَحِيمَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَى
(39) - Then indeed, Hellfire will be [his] refuge
المأوى (refuge): The result and consequence.
الآية رقم (37) - فَأَمَّا مَن طَغَى
(37) - (So as for he who transgressed (37))
الطُّغيان (Transgression) is the exceeding of the limits set by Allah (swt).
الآية رقم (36) - وَبُرِّزَتِ الْجَحِيمُ لِمَن يَرَى
(36) - (And Hellfire will be exposed for [all] those who see – (36))
بُرِّزَت (be exposed): The Hell fire will be made clear to everyone, to the righteous and the wrongdoer.
When the believer sees and then saved from it, then this is considered the great success as Allah says:
﴾فَمَن زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فَازَ﴿
(..And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful…) (Ali-‘Imran : 185)
الآية رقم (35) - يَوْمَ يَتَذَكَّرُ الْإِنسَانُ مَا سَعَى
(35) - (The Day when man will remember that for which he strove, (35))
What will happen in that day? Allah says:
﴾وَأَن لَّيْسَ لِلإِنسَانِ إِلاَّ مَا سَعَى % وَأَنَّ سَعْيَهُ سَوْفَ يُرَى % ثُمَّ يُجْزَاهُ الْجَزَاء الأَوْفَى﴿
(And that man can have nothing but what he does (good or bad), % And that his deeds will be seen, % Then he will be recompensed with a full and the best recompense.) (An-Najm : 39-41)
On that day everyone will take his record, at that time he will remember all the good and evil deeds that he has done.
الآية رقم (34) - فَإِذَا جَاءتِ الطَّامَّةُ الْكُبْرَى
(34) - (But when there comes the greatest Overwhelming Calamity – (34))
الطَّامَّةُ (Overwhelming): Because its horrible conceals everything, it is the Day od Resurrection.
الآية رقم (33) - مَتَاعًا لَّكُمْ وَلِأَنْعَامِكُمْ
(33) - (As provision for you and your grazing livestock. (33))
All of these are useful but just for a temporary period, then they will go away.
Is there anyone who is able to make them? All these are:
﴾صُنْعَ اللَّهِ الَّذِي أَتْقَنَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ ﴿
([It is] the work of Allah, who perfected all things. (An-Naml: 88))
After Allah (swt) speaks about all of these, He informs us again about the Day of Judgement:
الآية رقم (32) - وَالْجِبَالَ أَرْسَاهَا
(32) - (And the mountains He set firmly (32))
What is the link between this verse and the one before it?
The mountains are like the pegs for the Earth.
They, as well, are related to the formation of the clouds, raining and the wind movement.
الآية رقم (31) - أَخْرَجَ مِنْهَا مَاءهَا وَمَرْعَاهَا
(31) - (He extracted from it its water and its pasture, (31))
Three-quarters of the Earth is made up of water, otherwise, life would not be possible. By the sun heat, water evaporates to form clouds. Following this, rain comes down, bringing life to the earth after its death and giving life to human beings, plants, animals and everything else.
الآية رقم (30) - وَالْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ دَحَاهَا
(30) - (And after that He spread the earth. (30))
Does the word (after) means after in existence, time or place? No one of them, it just refers to sequence of speech.
Allah (swt) spread the earth evenly to serve the human beings.
الآية رقم (29) - وَأَغْطَشَ لَيْلَهَا وَأَخْرَجَ ضُحَاهَا
(29) - (And He darkened its night and extracted its brightness. (29))
Allah (swt) made the night dark. Many scholars say that the darkness of the night is for the benefit of the human being so that he is able to sleep. And Allah (swt) made the day bright and shining.
Allah (swt) uses these signs of the universe that no one can claim that he is the one who did them, nor can claim that they were done by coincidence.
الآية رقم (28) - رَفَعَ سَمْكَهَا فَسَوَّاهَا
(28) - (He raised its height and constructed it. (28))
Allah (swt) raised the heavens without anything pillars to support it. There are earth gravity, mountains and rotation of the earth, this is science but the Holy Qur’an gives you a gesture.
الآية رقم (27) - أَأَنتُمْ أَشَدُّ خَلْقًا أَمِ السَّمَاء بَنَاهَا
(27) - (Are you a more difficult creation or is the heaven? Allah constructed it. (27))
Without doubt, the creation of the heavens and the earth is indeed greater than the creation of mankind.
This verse contains a rhetorical question: Is it considered difficult for Allah (swt) to return the decayed bones into what they had been before?!
Whereas, He is the One who constructed the skies without pillars, a masterly construction without grooves nor cracks.