الآية رقم (6) - مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَ النَّاسِ

(6) - (From among the jinn and mankind." (6))

The whispering is not just from the devils but also from the humans. This is worse because the devil’s whispering is just to make things attractive, whereas the whisperer from the mankind shares what is made attractive to you and push you in many ways to get involved to earn the sins with him.

The Arabic word Jinn is derived from the verb which means to hide and conceal. The Jinn are created from smokeless flame of fire, able to shape themselves in any shape they want, they as well have children, they are male and female, they are accountable as the humans, they are called Jinn because they are hidden from the humans’ eyes, Allah (swt) says:

 ﴾ إِنَّهُ يَرَاكُمْ هُوَ وَقَبِيلُهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا تَرَوْنَهُمْ ﴿

 (Indeed, he sees you, he and his tribe, from where you do not see them.) (Al-A’raf: 72)

They see us and we do not see them, they are characterized by light and fast movement. They are lighter than humans according to the essence of their original creation; the humans were created from mud and the Jinn from fire. Among the Jinn there are Muslims and disbelievers, obedient and disobedient, the wicked of them are called the devils, so that everyone who rebels against Allah’s method is called a devil whether he is a Jinn or a human. The obedient Jinn are the same as the obedient of the humans and similarly, the witched Jinn are same as the witched people. Even that the witched people are worse in effects on humans, sometimes the soul is a persistent enjoiner of evil.

To those who just believe in experimental and sensible matters , who argue about the existence of the Jinn, we say to them as Allah (swt) talked about them in the Holy Qur’an and said:

   ﴾ وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ ﴿

 (And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.) (Adh-Dharyat: 56)

Then, they do exist. However, what is the scientific and mental reason of their non-existence? Not every unseen does not exist, same matter with the viruses which the mankind did not know about them until later on they were able to see after discovering them. Nevertheless, we fully believe in all what the Holy Qur’an tells us about them.

The Holy Qur’an is ended with word of (mankind) as its speech is directed to them and they are the aim of the divine messages from Adam (pbuh) till the Prophet Muhammad (saws). What after this Surah?

When ending the recitation of the Holy Qur’an we do not stop here, we move immediately to the first verses of Surah Al-Baqara:

     الم (1) ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ ۛ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ (2) الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ (3) وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ (4) أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ (5)

 (Alif, Lam, Meem. (1) This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah – (2) Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them, (3) And who believe in what has been revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you, and of the Hereafter they are certain [in faith]. (4) Those are upon [right] guidance from their Lord, and it is those who are the successful. (5))

This Surah which starts with talking about the Book that is the Holy Qur’an which was send as guidance to people, then it talks about the types of people: The believer, the disbeliever and the Hypocrite.

Hence, the Holy Qur’an ends with the word of (mankind) and starts with (The Book) and this is one of the endless miracles of the Holy Qur’an.

 

الآية رقم (5) - الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

(5) - (Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind - (5))

Thereof, we find that the word (mankind) expresses three meanings in accordance with attributes of Allah (swt), the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. This reflects the eloquence of the Arabic language. The whisperer could be of mankind or of Jinn. Thus, there is no repetition in this Surah.

يُوَسْوِسُ (whispers): Linguistically, in Arabic language, the whisper is a voice of attractive sweet talk and it indicates, as well, the sound of the gold jewelry, accordingly, it is said “the whisper of devil” because it has tinkle that attracts the hearing and attention. It is as if Allah (swt) is warning us from the devil and his seducing. So, if you went astray from Allah’s (swt) path the devil will dare whispers to you, whereas, if you remember Allah (swt) the devil retreats and weakens. The devil does not enter into battle with Allah (swt), rather, he does with Allah’s creations who forget Allah (swt) and go far from His method.

فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ (into the breasts of mankind): meaning into their hearts, souls, wills and their minds. It is not public as the whispering of people to each other.

الآية رقم (4) - مِن شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ

(4) - (From the evil of the retreating whisperer - (4))

الْوَسْوَاسِ (whisperer): The one who adorns evil deeds in your ears.

الْخَنَّاسِ (retreating): Going back and lag behind, since he retreats and goes back when Allah (swt) is remembered.

Allah (swt) named Satan as (retreating whisperer) because he usually whispers to people but he retreats and disappears when Allah (swt) is mentioned, if not, Satan takes the chance to be entirely with the man who is far away from his Lord.

الآية رقم (3) - إِلَهِ النَّاسِ

(3) - (The God of mankind, (2))

He (swt) is the truly worshiped and He (swt) is the One who protects you from:

الآية رقم (2) - مَلِكِ النَّاسِ

(2) - (The King of mankind. (2))

Allah (swt) owns all the creations whom He (swt) gave them a free will to choose certain things and held back it for other things. In this verse Allah (swt) does not use the word مليك (Sovereign) because that would mean they are forced to believe, nothing else, but Allah (swt) gave them a free will in matters connected to assignment, whereas they are not free in other matters which are out of assignment.

Therefore, we notice the difference between the first two verses, in the first one the mankind are connected with the lordship of Allah (swt) and in the second verse they are owned by Him (swt), then comes the third one:

الآية رقم (1) - قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ

(1) - (Say, "I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind, (1))

أَعُوذُ  (Seek refuge) It is to seek help, shelter, and safe keeping. You only seek help and protection from someone who is stronger than the one who is going to cause harm to you. So that, when you bring to your mind the meaning of seeking protection while you are filled with faith, then you seek refuge from the One Who created you and created the devil, thus the devil will escape from your path because he knows that you returned to The Strong and The Capable.

النَّاسِ (mankind): All the species of Adam (pbuh) till the resurrection day. Some orientalists argued about this word and wanted to involve us into a maze of doubts about the Holy Qur’an, they said: The Holy Qur’an contains unnecessary repetition, otherwise why the word of (mankind) is repeated thrice in this Surah?

Those people understood that this word carried one meaning in these verses because they are not qualified with the Arabic language.

The word of (mankind) in not the same in these positions, Allah (swt) wanted for every word in the Holy Qur’an to bring its meaning and for every meaning to bring its suitable word. Thus, the word (mankind) is general when the speech is connected to a general ruling, on the other hand, it is specific in other positions, such as when Allah (swt) says:

   ﴾ أَمْ يَحْسُدُونَ النَّاسَ عَلَىٰ مَا آتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ ﴿

 (Or do they envy people for what Allah has given them of His bounty?) (An-Nisa’: 54)

(people) intended here for the Prophet (saws).

Accurate examination of this Surah indicates that its first verse represents a declaration of Allah’s Lordliness to all creatures. We seek refuge just in Him because He (swt) is the Lord, Who created and decided the characteristics of each creature, who cannot escape Him (swt) because He (swt) is: