الآية رقم (40) - إِنَّا أَنذَرْنَاكُمْ عَذَابًا قَرِيبًا يَوْمَ يَنظُرُ الْمَرْءُ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ وَيَقُولُ الْكَافِرُ يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنتُ تُرَابًا

(40) - (Indeed, We have warned you of a near punishment on the Day when a man will observe what his hands have put forth and the disbeliever will say, "Oh, I wish that I were dust!" (40))

Hence, Allah (swt) has made clear to us the path and let us free to choose, He (swt) has shown us the sings that indicate His existence and sent to us the Prophets and Books to help us in reaching to Him.

Is the punishment near? Everything that is coming will certainly come to pass. Allah (swt) says:

﴾ قَالَ كَمْ لَبِثْتُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ عَدَدَ سِنِينَ % قَالُوا لَبِثْنَا يَوْمًا أَوْ بَعْضَ يَوْمٍ فَاسْأَلِ الْعَادِّينَ ﴿

([ Allah ] will say, “How long did you remain on earth in number of years?” % They will say, “We remained a day or part of a day; ask those who enumerate.”) (Al-Mu’munin : 112-113)

So, however long a person’s age might be, death will surely come.

Ali bin Abi Taleb (May Allah hounour his face) said:

“I wonder at how delight for the worldly life can come to the one whose days tear down his months; whose months tear down his years; and whose years tear down his age.”

On the Day of Judgement, the man will see the complete and clear picture. Allah (swt) says:

 ﴾لَقَدْ كُنتَ فِي غَفْلَةٍ مِّنْ هَٰذَا فَكَشَفْنَا عَنكَ غِطَاءَكَ فَبَصَرُكَ الْيَوْمَ حَدِيدٌ ﴿

([It will be said], “You were certainly in unmindfulness of this, and We have removed from you your cover, so your sight, this Day, is sharp.”) (Qaf : 22)

There, he will see in his scripture all that he had done or said completely. Allah (swt) says:

﴾ وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ % إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ %  مَّا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ﴿

(And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein. % When the two receivers receive, seated on the right and on the left. (17) Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record].) (Qaf : 16-18)

It is very normal for the disbeliever to wish that he had not ever been created because he will see all the facts in front of him, so had been in the worldly life blind, certainly he will wish that he were a dust.


الآية رقم (39) - ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمُ الْحَقُّ فَمَن شَاء اتَّخَذَ إِلَى رَبِّهِ مَآبًا

(39) - (That is the True Day; so he who wills may take to his Lord a [way of] return. (39))

The Day of Judgment is a confirmed day with no doubts about it.

فَمَن شَاءَ (he who wills): This indicates the freedom to choose in this worldly life. Islam does not compel anyone to believe. Rather, it leaves people free to believe or not.

مَآبًا (way of return): Whoever wills may take and path of faith towards Allah (swt).

الآية رقم (38) - يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الرُّوحُ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ صَفًّا لَّا يَتَكَلَّمُونَ إِلَّا مَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ الرحْمَنُ وَقَالَ صَوَابًا

(38) - (The Day that the Spirit and the angels will stand in rows, they will not speak except for one whom the Most Merciful permits, and he will say what is correct. (38))

الرُّوحُ : He is Sayyiduna Jibril (May peace be upon him) as mostly said. Allah (swt) says:

﴾نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُ الْأَمِينُ % عَلَىٰ قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنذِرِينَ﴿

(The Trustworthy Spirit has brought it down % Upon your heart, [O Muhammad] – that you may be of the warners -) (Ash-Shu’araa: 193-194)

الآية رقم (37) - رَبِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا الرحْمَنِ لَا يَمْلِكُونَ مِنْهُ خِطَابًا

(37) - ([From] the Lord of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them, the Most Merciful. They possess not from Him [authority for] speech. (37))

Allah (swt) is The Giver and The Merciful Creator.

Everything between the seven skies and the folds of the Earth are subjected to the mercy of Allah (swt). Note, when Allah (swt) talks about the Resurrection Day He (swt) uses the attribute of Merciful and not any other of His Names such as The Mighty or The Avenger, that is to reassure his slaves about His mercy.

During that time, no human being will be able to say anything, as the affairs have ended and the world of responsibilities has come to a stop. So no speech whatsoever.

الآية رقم (36) - جَزَاء مِّن رَّبِّكَ عَطَاء حِسَابًا

(36) - ([As] reward from your Lord, [a generous] gift [made due by] account, (36))

That means the Paradise is a grant (gift) and an account. But Allah (swt) says:

 ﴾وَأَن لَّيْسَ لِلْإِنسَانِ إِلَّا مَا سَعَىٰ % وَأَنَّ سَعْيَهُ سَوْفَ يُرَىٰ % ثُمَّ يُجْزَاهُ الْجَزَاءَ الْأَوْفَىٰ ﴿

(And that there is not for man except that [good] for which he strives

% And that his effort is going to be seen – % Then he will be recompensed for it with the fullest recompense.) (An-Najm: 39-41)

Rasulullah (saws) has said:

(“Verily, none of you will enter Paradise because of his deeds alone.” They said, “Not even you, O Messenger of Allah?” The Prophet said, “Not even me, unless Allah grants me mercy from himself.”)[1]

Allah (swt) mercy is a grant added to justice, the justice is for deeds and the grant is a mercy from Him (swt). Hence, the man enters Paradise due to the mercy of Allah (swt) and not through his own deeds. However, we need to be aware that performing deeds are a condition of entering Paradise.

[1] Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Hsdith No. 7473.

الآية رقم (35) - لَّا يَسْمَعُونَ فِيهَا لَغْوًا وَلَا كِذَّابًا

(35) - No ill speech will they hear therein or any falsehood

The gathering in Paradise does not like the gathering of wine in this world which leads to lying, diversion and absence of the mind.

Whereas in Paradise they do not contain lying, which is our problem in this worldly life; but the believer does not lie as our Prophet (saws) told us.

Allah (swt) says about the people of hell: (An appropriate recompense. (26)) As about the people of Paradise, He (swt) says:

الآية رقم (34) - وَكَأْسًا دِهَاقًا

(34) - And a full cup

الآية رقم (33) - وَكَوَاعِبَ أَتْرَابًا

(33) - And full-breasted [companions] of equal age

الآية رقم (32) - حَدَائِقَ وَأَعْنَابًا

(32) - (Gardens and grapevines (32))

When talking about the unseen matters, the human intellect cannot compare them to any others, Allah (swt) says:

 ﴾مَّثَلُ الْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي وُعِدَ الْمُتَّقُونَ ۖ ﴿

(Is the description of Paradise, which the righteous are promised,…) (Muhammad: 15)

Here, we can see that the description of Paradise are but a way of giving an approximate picture to the minds. The Prophet (saws) has said when describing the Paradise:

(Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: I have prepared for My pious servants which no eye (has ever) seen, no ear has (ever) heard and no human heart has ever perceived.)[1]

That is, we are unable to give names to things which are non-existent in front of our senses.

The Gardens in Paradise, means gardens surrounded by trees.

The grape is every fruit that is full of sugar and water.

Nothing in this life is similar to that in Paradise except the names.

[1] Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book of the beginning of creation, Hadith No. 3072.

الآية رقم (31) - إِنَّ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ مَفَازًا

(31) - (Indeed, for the righteous is attainment – (31))

The righteous is the one who obeys all that Allah (swt) has commanded and refrains from all that He (swt) has forbidden.

مَفَازًا (attainment): Victory and safety from the Hell. Allah (swt) says:

 ﴾فَمَن زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فَازَ ۗ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ ﴿

(…So he who is drawn away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise has attained [his desire]. And what is the life of this world except the enjoyment of delusion.) (Ali-Imran: 185)

الآية رقم (30) - فَذُوقُوا فَلَن نَّزِيدَكُمْ إِلَّا عَذَابًا

(30) - (“So taste [the penalty], and never will We increase you except in torment." (30))

It is said to them when they are entered the Hell: You will not receive except an addition to the punishment as a result of what you have committed of crimes in the worldly life. As Allah (swt) says:

 ﴾مَّأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ كُلَّمَا خَبَتْ زِدْنَاهُمْ سَعِيرًا ﴿

 (Their refuge is Hell; every time it subsides We increase them in blazing fire.) (Israa: 97)

الآية رقم (29) - وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَاهُ كِتَابًا

(29) - (But all things We have enumerated in writing. (29))

أَحْصَيْنَاهُ : We have recorded it. Allah (swt) says:

 ﴾إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ % مَّا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ﴿

 (When the two receivers receive, seated on the right and on the left. % Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record].) (Qaf: 17-18)

الآية رقم (28) - وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا كِذَّابًا

(28) - (And denied Our verses with [emphatic] denial. (28))

In spite of all the signs which prove the existence of Allah (swt), they denied His existence together with the proofs. Next, they denied the prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (saws) and the religion brought by him. Following this, they took up lying as a practice.

الآية رقم (27) - إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا لَا يَرْجُونَ حِسَابًا

(27) - (Indeed, they were not expecting an account (27)

The main cause of all the corruption in the universe is that the humans do not want an account neither in this worldly life, neither in the hereafter and this is the upmost corruption; they want to do everything without having to receive any accountability or recompense for their oppression and arrogance.

الآية رقم (26) - جَزَاء وِفَاقًا

(26) - (An appropriate recompense. (26))

This recompense is their destiny due to what they have committed and their denial. It is not a form of oppression towards them:

  ﴾وَمَا اللَّهُ يُرِيدُ ظُلْمًا لِّلْعَالَمِينَ﴿

 (and Allah wants no injustice to the worlds.) (Ali-Imran: 108)

الآية رقم (25) - إِلَّا حَمِيمًا وَغَسَّاقًا

(25) - Except scalding water and [foul] purulence

الآية رقم (24) - لَّا يَذُوقُونَ فِيهَا بَرْدًا وَلَا شَرَابًا

(24) - (They will not taste therein [any] coolness or drink (24) Except scalding water and [foul] purulence – (25))

Here, Allah (swt) portrays the severity of the scene. We can observe that those in the Hell, with its extreme heat and burning fire, are not given the opportunity to drink except boiling water and pus.

حَمِيمًا (scalding): Extreme heat.

غَسَّاقًا (purulence): Pus excreted from the bodies which are burning in the fire which are extremely disgusting.

الآية رقم (23) - لَابِثِينَ فِيهَا أَحْقَابًا

(23) - (In which they will remain for ages [unending]. (23))

الآية رقم (22) - لِلْطَّاغِينَ مَآبًا

(22) - (For the transgressors, a place of return, (22))

Transgression means exceeding the limits, the human being who commits crimes such as stealing, killing, adultery, lying and disbelieving is actually exceeds the limits.

الآية رقم (21) - إِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ كَانَتْ مِرْصَادًا

(21) - (Indeed, Hell has been lying in wait (21))

The Hell fire has been lying in wait for the disbelievers.