الآية رقم (6) - لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ

(6) - (For you is your religion, and for me is my religion. (6))

Those who were compromising the Prophet (saws) will have children who will convert to Islam as indicated in the next Surah “Al-Nassr” which gives good tiding that the people will enter into the religion of Allah (swt) in multitudes, among them will be the  children and grand children of those disbelievers, subsequently, the disbelief community will no longer be in the face of the belief community because this is the only religion.

Farwah bin Nawfal quoted that the Prophet (saws) said to Nawfal (his father):

“Recite (the Surah) ‘Say, O you disbelievers!’ and then go to sleep at its end, for it is a declaration of freedom from polytheism.”[1]

 

[1] Sunan Abi Dawud, Book of supplications, chapter what to say ehwn going to sleep, hadith No. 5055.

الآية رقم (4-5) - وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ - وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ

(4-5) - (Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. (4) Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. (5))

Nor in the future, there will be any negotiation about this present announcement.

This verse denies that they will believe in future, that is, they will die on their present condition.

الآية رقم (3) - وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ

(3) - (Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. (3))

The Prophet (saws) abide to announce these verses literally as they contain statement from Allah (swt) not from him (saws).

I do not worship what you worship. (2) Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. (3)

Meaning, no compromise neither from my side nor from your side, there is no way to meet or to agree because your method in belief and your vision about God differ from mine.

Your method is from yourselves, whereas my method is from Allah (swt), thus, we cannot meet as meeting in the middle of the road can be among changeable humans as you, but the divine method cannot meet with those who are in contradiction with its basis.

Allah (swt) does not change because of people rather people should change for the sake of Allah (swt).

الآية رقم (2) - لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ

(2) - (I do not worship what you worship. (2))

(do not) indicates now and future. This Surah was revealed because the disbelievers of Quraysh invited the Messenger of Allah (saws) to worship their idols for a year and they would in turn worship his God for a year, so they wanted to divide the worship by time.

Worship is fundamental in all the doctrines. It is not a legislation that is subjected to change by time and place, or from nation to another. However, the command of worshipping only Allah (swt) with no partners, is a matter that is agreed by all from Adam (pbuh) until the last Messenger (saws) and it does not change as the circumstances and conditions change.

الآية رقم (1) - قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ

(1) - (Say, "O disbelievers, (1))

The speech in this Surah is directed to the Prophet Muhammad (saws). This shows the Prophet’s (saws) honesty in the duty of notification from Allah (swt).

Verify, reciting the Holy Qur’an is a form of worship, in every single letter of it.

الْكَافِرُونَ (disbelievers): They are specifically a section of disbelievers, whom Allah (swt) had known that they will never believe, they are the masters of polytheism in Mecca.

Those people are in one side and the Prophet (saws) in on the opposite one.

يَا أَيُّهَا (O’): This form of calling is used for a distant one. It is used to express either an extra degree of respect or contempt, because being distant has two indications, either a high rank and far status at Allah (swt) or a low rank and far status from Allah (swt).

Thus, when Allah (swt) addresses His Prophet (saws) by:

 يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ﴿

 (O Prophet,..) (Al-Anfal: 64)

يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ﴿

 (O Messenger,,..) (Al-Maaidah: 41)

These two callings here carry the meaning of superior status and position and they are on the contrary of the calling in the verse we are explaining.

However, the Prophet (saws) went to the disbelievers gathering and announced to all this verse which represents a cut-off of the relation connected with worship.

Allah (swt) does not say (O you who disbelieved) because they were not believers before that, rather they were engaged in disbelief from the first beginning.

As the Arabic word of disbelief means covering, this illustrates the instinct of faith, which is the covered.