الآية رقم (11) - وَأَمَّا بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثْ

(11) - (But as for the favor of your Lord, report [it]. (11))

Allah’s (swt) favours are countless, the Holy Qur’an, knowledge, money, health, sustenance, safety …… all are favours. The Prophet (saws) said:

“Allah loves to see the sign of His Bounties on his slave.”[1]

Showing Allah’s (swt) favours on us is done by thanking Him (swt).

[1] Sunan At-Tirmidhi, Chapter on Manners, Hadith No. 2819.

الآية رقم (10) - وَأَمَّا السَّائِلَ فَلَا تَنْهَرْ

(10) - (And as for the petitioner, do not repel [him]. (10))

Meaning, as for the asker, do not drive him away or scold him, you had been poor and we made you self- sufficient. Hence, Allah (swt) commands him to be merciful, kind and generous.

الآية رقم (9) - فَأَمَّا الْيَتِيمَ فَلَا تَقْهَرْ

(9) - (So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him]. (9))

Oppression means bringing the body, not the heart, under submission. An orphan feels inferior when he loses his father, so do not humiliate him.

Thus, the Prophet (saws) used to rub the orphan’s head and he (saws) said:

“Whoever rubs an orphans head, and does so only for the pleasure of Allah, he will receive a good deed for each strand of hair he rubs”[1]

And he (saws) said:

“I and the one who looks after an orphan will be like this in Paradise,” showing his middle and index fingers and separating them[2].

[1] Musnad Imam Ibn Hanbal, Hadith No. 22207

[2] Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book of divorce, Hadith No. 4998

الآية رقم (8) - وَوَجَدَكَ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَى

(8) - (And He found you poor and made [you] self-sufficient. (8))

Did Allah (swt) make him (saws) made him rich with money and fortune?

No, He (swt) made him rich with what gave him of the hereafter matters, He (swt) enriched his heart with faith. Allah (swt) clarifies that his blessing to him (saws) is connected with the community, the relation with Allah (swt) passes through the relation with Allah (swt). The religion is not just a personal self-worship, rather, it is to grant the good to others.

الآية رقم (7) - وَوَجَدَكَ ضَالًّا فَهَدَى

(7) - (And He found you lost and guided [you], (7))

Lost here carries the meaning of unaware, seeking for the true path. The Prophet (saws) refused polytheism and he would go and reflect, pray and wish that he knew the truthful way. Thereafter, Allah (swt) gave him the guidance.

الآية رقم (6) - أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًا فَآوَى

(6) - (Did He not find you an orphan and give [you] refuge? (6))

Being an orphan means losing the provider and supporter in life. The Prophet (saws) was orphan; he lost his father, mother and grandfather. Thereby, Allah (swt) wanted to Be the Prophet’s (saws) supporter, not to have any support from the earth, rather, it is in heaven.

الآية رقم (5) - وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَى

(5) - (And your Lord is going to give you, and you will be satisfied. (5))

The Prophet (saws) desired to guide all people, look at his mercy when they tortured him in At-Ta’fand threw stones at him.

It is narrated about Orwah that Aisha – the Prophet’s wife- (May Allah be pleased with them) told him that she asked the Prophet (saws): ‘Have you encountered a day harder than the day of the battle) of Uhud?” The Prophet (saws) replied:

“Your tribes have troubled me a lot, and the worse trouble was the trouble on the day of ‘Aqaba when I presented myself to Ibn `Abd-Yalail bin `Abd-Kulal and he did not respond to my demand. So I departed, overwhelmed with excessive sorrow, and proceeded on, and could not relax till I found myself at Qarnath-Tha-alib where I lifted my head towards the sky to see a cloud shading me unexpectedly. I looked up and saw Gabriel in it. He called me saying, ‘Allah has heard your people’s saying to you, and what they have replied back to you, Allah has sent the Angel of the Mountains to you so that you may order him to do whatever you wish to these people.’ The Angel of the Mountains called and greeted me, and then said, “O Muhammad! Order what you wish. If you like, I will let Al-Akh-Shabain (i.e. two mountains) fall on them.” The Prophet (saws) said, “No but I hope that Allah will let them beget children who will worship Allah Alone, and will worship None besides Him.”[1]

 

[1] Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book of Beginning of Creation, Hadith No. 3059

الآية رقم (4) - وَلَلْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لَّكَ مِنَ الْأُولَى

(4) - (And the Hereafter is better for you than the first [life]. (4))

Meaning, what will come to you later on will make you happy. The word (hereafter) may refer to the Last Day or to what will come after the revelation of this Surah.

الآية رقم (3) - مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلَى

(3) - (Your Lord has not taken leave of you, nor has He detested. (3))

This verse talks about the temporal absence of revelation for a while, which was for a great divine wisdom. The connection between the heavens and the earth is a through the Jibril (pbuh).

When the angel Jibril used to descend to the heart of the Prophet Muhammad (saws), his soul, body, movement, action and speech became in accordance to this revelation, that is why when the revelation paused, the Prophet (saws) was very sad, thus, the enemies of Islam and the Prophet (saws) took the chance  to spread rumors that Muhammad’s Lord has abandoned him and hated him.

If the Holy Qur’an was written by a human, then he would say (nor has He detested you), but Allah (swt) does not mention the pronoun.

 

This is one of the great verses that shows Allah’s (swt) love and horour to His Prophet (saws); “goodbye forever” can be said to a beloved whereas, displeasing and unhappiness can be only towards enemies, that is why Allah (swt) does not mention (you) after the word (detested) and leaves it general.

الآية رقم (2) - وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَى

(2) - (And [by] the night when it covers with darkness, (2))

By the night when it spreads its darkness, settles and covers the day, as the man is covered with a cloth.

الآية رقم (1) - وَالضُّحَى

(1) - (By the morning brightness. (1))

This is the time of action, labour and seeking livelihood while the night is the time of calmness and rest. Both of them should exist, so they are two integrated signs.

تفسير سورة الضحى

Surah Ad-Dhuha

This is one of the Makki Surahs and it has a great story.