The story of children of Israel appears in the Holy Qur’an distributed over many different surahs and it is the most mentioned of the stories in the Holy Qur’an because the Prophet Musa u is the sheikh (spiritual leader) of all the prophets of the children of Israel, and he suffered from the children of Israel more than what the Arabs and Muslims are suffering today out of their crimes, terrorism and conspiration with regards to their country which claim that it is originally belongs to Israel.
The verses prior to this spoke about the covenant and the promises that Allah U took from the children of Israel. As for this verse, it speaks directly about the blessings that Allah U bestows on them, addressing them by calling onto them saying:
﴾يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ﴿ “O children of Israel!” so as to cause the Jews who lived in the time where the Holy Qur’an was revealed and in the Arabian peninsula to shake and pay attention. Special emphasis was on those who were in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarrah where they opposed, fought and conspired against the Prophet of Allah.