الآية رقم (57) - وَظَلَّلْنَا عَلَيْكُمُ الْغَمَامَ وَأَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَى كُلُواْ مِن طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ وَمَا ظَلَمُونَا وَلَـكِن كَانُواْ أَنفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ

(57) - “And We shaded you with clouds and sent down to you manna and quails, [saying], ‘Eat from the good things with which We have provided you.’ And they wronged Us not - but they were [only] wronging themselves.”

Then, Allah reminds the children of Israel of His blessings and favours and His preference onto them, and that He preferred them not because they are the chosen people of Allah as they have claimed, rather it is because of how much they were tested and how Allah U keeps accepting their repentance and the great number of prophets sent down to them.

They were with Prophet Musa in the desert where there was no water nor vegetation, so Allah shaded them with clouds to protect them from the scorching heat of the sun when there was nothing around them to shade them. So, the clouds came as a mercy from Allah , just as how He sent to them ‘mann’ and ‘salwa’ as food for them without any effort on their part.