الآية رقم (78) - وَمِنْهُمْ أُمِّيُّونَ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ الْكِتَابَ إِلاَّ أَمَانِيَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلاَّ يَظُنُّونَ

(78) - “And among them are the illiterates who do not know the Scripture except in wishful thinking, but they are only assumingˮ

In this verse also, we can observe the principle of ‘Preserving of Possibilities’. Allah U does not generalize here, as He says: ﴾وَمِنْهُمْ﴿. That is, “not all of them.”

Linguistically, the “Ummiy”,) which means the illiterate person), is attributed to his “Umm” which means mother. This is because, he is in a state which is similar to the state his mother gave birth to him, as he has not taken in any knowledge from his surroundings and community.

Illiteracy for normal human beings is a deficiency. However, illiteracy for the Prophet r is the peak of perfection.

The difference between the illiteracy of human beings and the illiteracy of the Prophet r is like the difference between deficiency and perfection. The deficient person is the one who has never studied. The perfect is the Prophet r, as Allah U is the One who taught him. Allah U did not Will for His prophet r to be taught by any human being, as He would reveal to him the Holy Qur’an that would challenge the human beings. Due to this, Allah U reserved for Himself the teaching of His Prophet, as Allah U says:

وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ﴿

“ …and has taught you that which you did not know… ˮ [An-Nisaa’: 113].