الآية رقم (52) - وَلاَ تَطْرُدِ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُم بِالْغَدَاةِ وَالْعَشِيِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُ مَا عَلَيْكَ مِنْ حِسَابِهِم مِّن شَيْءٍ وَمَا مِنْ حِسَابِكَ عَلَيْهِم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَتَطْرُدَهُمْ فَتَكُونَ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

(52) - (And do not send away those who call upon their Lord morning and afternoon, seeking His countenance. Not upon you is anything of their account and not upon them is anything of your account. So were you to send them away, you would [then] be of the wrongdoers.)

Some of the poor would come to the Prophet (saws) to learn the religion. At the same time, he (saws) was also exerting his utmost efforts to call the insolent polytheists to the religion, as he really hoped that they would become believers. Therefore, this verse does not mean that he was looking at these poor people in disdain, nor does it mean that one should think that it is a form of admonishment for him. Rather, it is revealed out of compassion towards him, as those polytheists would never believe, however much he tried. So, the Prophet (saws) did not turn away from the poor due to their poverty, but because of his great desire to guide these insolent polytheists, who were continuously harming the poor and needy.

(مَا عَلَيْكَ مِنْ حِسَابِهِم مِّن شَيْءٍ وَمَا مِنْ حِسَابِكَ عَلَيْهِم مِّن شَيْءٍ ) (…Not upon you is anything of their account and not upon them is anything of your account. ): We are not to judge people due to their religion, but verily, it is up to Allah (swt) to judge them. This is thus an appeal, not only to the Prophet (saws), but to all of mankind.