(… يَسْتَفْتُونَكَ قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِي الْكَلَالَةِ ) (They request from you a [legal] ruling. Say, “Allah gives you a ruling concerning one having neither descendants nor ascendants [as heirs].”…): The wording of the verse indicates that the question was about the Kalalah, that it means the crown that surrounds the head from all sides. This is why the Kalalah pertains to one who dies and leaves behind neither descendants, nor ascendants but has a sister, Allah (swt) states that she will have half of what he left and he inherits from her if she dies and has no child.
(… وَإِن كَانُوا إِخْوَةً رِّجَالًا وَنِسَاءً فَلِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنثَيَيْنِ …) (…. If there are both brothers and sisters, the male will have the share of two females..): if there are brothers and sisters, the male will have twice the share of the female. As mentioned at the beginning of this Surah that there are who claim that: Islam differentiated between male and female, and we say: There are more than thirty Islamic rulings regarding the distribution of shares for inheritances in which the woman takes the same amount as the man, even that the woman takes more than him, in this situation, the sister has the half and she is a woman. The issue must be looked at from all its aspects to realize that the woman has not been treated with justice in any Sharia or law in the world as has been in the Holy Qur’an and by Allah (swt), here is the plurality of inheritance in the plurality of inherited issues. In this case of this verse, when a man dies and leaves brothers and sisters, if the sisters are two, then they get the two thirds, and if she is one, then she gets half.
(… يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ أَن تَضِلُّوا …) (…Allah makes clear to you [His law], lest you go astray.…): Going astray means not to follow the right path, so Allah (swt) clarifies His Law and set limits to avoid falling in wrong decisions about inheritance.
( وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ… ) (And Allah is Knowing of all things …): Realizing that Allah (swt) is All-Knowing and The Wise, so the humans shall follow His (swt) orders.