الآية رقم (64) - وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلاَّ لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ اللّهِ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُواْ أَنفُسَهُمْ جَآؤُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُواْ اللّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُواْ اللّهَ تَوَّابًا رَّحِيمًا

(64) - (And We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of Allah. And if, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you, [O Muhammad], and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Accepting of repentance and Merciful.)

( وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ) (And We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of Allah.…): This verse and the next one represents the relation between the Prophet (saws) and his nation. This relationship is based on obedience which generates love, for it does not come to claim loving him while you disobey him. Allah (swt) says:

 قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

(Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”) (Ali-Imran: 31)

 وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا

(And whatever the Messenger has given you – take; and what he has forbidden you – refrain from.) (Al-Hashr: 7)

( وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللَّهَ تَوَّابًا رَّحِيمًا ) (…And if, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you, [O Muhammad], and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Accepting of repentance and Merciful): To be injustice to oneself means to offer it a temporary lust and deprive it of permanent bliss, that is leading it to commit a sin such as theft, adultery, drinking alcohol, lying, killing…, thereby, you are bringing it  to Allah’s torment, and what you have committed will be a disaster for you and your family no matter what the sin is, and the pinnacle of self-injustice is to wrong others:

 يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا ۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ

(O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you.) (Al-Hujurat: 13)

Removing the misdeeds is to be done by three actions:

( جَاءُوكَ ) (…they had come to you …): This first state is when the Prophet (saws) was alive, but now how to come to him (saws)?

Coming to him (saws) means following the Sunnah in what he commanded and forbade; meaning, to come to his (saws) guidance, conduct and follow it, so they will be as if they come to the Prophet (saws). The meaning is not to go to the Prophet’s grave, although this is a good thing, but the important thing is that you adhere to his obedience first. Second:

( فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّهَ ) (…and asked forgiveness of Allah …). Third:

( وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ) (…and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them …): This is during his life (saws), and after his death:

“My life is good for you, you talk to me and I talk to you, and my death is good for you, your deeds are presented to me, what I see of good deeds, I praise Allah for, and when I see of evil, I ask Allah for forgiveness.”

So the three points are: To obey the Prophet (saws), to ask Allah (swt) for forgiveness and the messenger asking for forgiveness, as long as you do not commit sins. The relationship with the Prophet (saws) is the basis of understanding Allah’s commands:

 ا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَا تَوَلَّوْا عَنْهُ وَأَنتُمْ تَسْمَعُونَ

(O you who have believed, obey Allah and His Messenger and do not turn from him while you hear [his order].) (Al-Anfal: 20)

Obeying Allah (swt) is connected with obeying the Prophet (saws), consequently, disobeying the Prophet (saws) means disobeying the Prophet (saws).