(… لِلْفُقَرَاءِ الَّذِينَ أُحْصِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ ضَرْبًا فِي الْأَرْضِ ) (for the poor who have been restricted for the cause of Allah, unable to move about in the land …): Here is an example of one way for the expenditure of Zakat on the poor who have been restricted. The verse indicates the Muhajirin who were displaced in the way of Allah (swt) and His prophet and were repatriated to Madina without any provision to support them. Moreover, (unable to move about in the land.) means that they can’t travel in pursuit of livelihood.
(… يَحْسَبُهُمُ الْجَاهِلُ أَغْنِيَاءَ مِنَ التَّعَفُّفِ …) (…An ignorant [person] would think them self-sufficient because of their restraint …): This means that they never ask people to get charity. Besides, anybody who doesn’t know about them think that they were rich in sense of their costumes, manners and talks. They are only known by a characteristic sign; that is, their humbleness and solemnity, not their tongues and request for charity.
(… لَا يَسْأَلُونَ النَّاسَ إِلْحَافًا …) (…They do not ask people persistently): They never ask, persist, or stand at the gates of people asking. What can we get out of this verse here? We mustn’t leave the needy till they ask for charity. The verse here suggests that there are many people whom you may think to be rich due to their restraint; we have look for and recognize them through their characteristic sign and check their conditions. This is one of the purposes of enacting Jama’a and Juma’a prayers (group and Friday prayers in mosques) to make people meet, inquire about each other’s conditions and feel the needs of the helpless, the weak and the needy even if they never ask for any help. Not everyone stands at the gates of other people and ask for charities.
( وَمَا تُنفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌ … ) (…And whatever you spend of good – indeed, Allah is Knowing of it): Just be assured the One to whom you worked already knows what you’ve done. Therefore, your reward is directly proportional to your care for the needs of the poor and the weak. He is Knowing, keep it in mind.