الآية رقم (225) - لاَّ يُؤَاخِذُكُمُ اللّهُ بِاللَّغْوِ فِيَ أَيْمَانِكُمْ وَلَكِن يُؤَاخِذُكُم بِمَا كَسَبَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ وَاللّهُ غَفُورٌ حَلِيمٌ

(225) - (Allah does not impose blame upon you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He imposes blame upon you for what your hearts have earned. And Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing.)

( لَّا يُؤَاخِذُكُمُ اللَّهُ بِاللَّغْوِ فِي أَيْمَانِكُمْ…) (Allah does not impose blame upon you for what is unintentional in your oaths,.…): The issue is not to make the unintentional oath allowed; the unintentional oath such as saying: “By Allah, I’ll do so,” “By Allah, I won’t do so.” Yet, Allah (swt) never blames one for such an unintentional oath which is not considered as a binding oath.

( وَلَٰكِن يُؤَاخِذُكُم بِمَا كَسَبَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ ۗ  ..  ) (..but He imposes blame upon you for what your hearts have earned…): The binding oath is what your hearts earned, that’s, what your oath is intended to. You may take an oath on doing a thing, it is not such as when you say: “By Allah, will not come tomorrow …” Yet, it’s when you take an oath while you intend in the heart to do it. It is, then, not a matter of what you say unintentionally but what your heart insists on under the oath.

( وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ حَلِيمٌ  ) (….And Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing):  Usually, a verse is concluded with: Allah is forgiving and Merciful. Yet, here we have {And Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing.} since it fits here: ‘Forbearing’ indicates a person who is big-hearted and bears so much. Of course, the attributes of Allah (swt) are never comparable to those of humans. Allah (swt) has the attributes of perfection, and He is forbearing and forgiving for his servants. Besides, this fits the meaning here, as Allah (swt) forbears and forgives the slips of the tongue that are not meant by the heart. Thus, we have to be careful about the verse of the oath, the expiation of the oath. The next verses, however, are about divorce rules, and we will see how some people have deviated from their true meaning